(syn: Actaea racemosa) This unusual member of the Ranunculus family (clematis, hellebore) can be found natively in moist deciduous forests from Canada south to Alabama. In the garden, a compost-rich, moist soil is best, although the plants will go dormant early during an extended drought. The basal rosette of cutleaf, deer-resistant foliage is topped in June (NC) with narrow, upright, 5' tall spikes of small white flowers...a mature clump is very impressive. Black cohosh has performed very well in our garden trials, unlike the similarly named Cimicifuga ramosa, which has no heat tolerance. Cimicifuga racemosa is renowned for its medicinal properties, especially to treat "women's complaints."